The codes of practice are simple, they can also be called code of conduct.
“British English: code of practice A code of practice is a set of written rules which explains how people working in a particular profession should behave. NOUN The auctioneers are violating a code of practice by dealing in stolen goods.”
What it basically means is follow whatever rules that have been set. An example would be if you have a rule that says you can’t do something like base a character on a real person then you can’t do that.
TV Free-To-Air TV Programme Code
This Code applies to programmes on free-to-air TV channels.
1. Television exerts a strong influence on the community. In Singapore, as a medium for entertainment, information and education, television reaches almost all homes and is easily accessible to all people, including the young. Because of its impact, programmes over free-to-air television must at all times maintain a standard that is acceptable to the community.
2. The Media Development Authority of Singapore (“MDA”) is empowered to issue, and from time to time, review codes of practice relating to the standards of broadcast programmes. This Free-To-Air Television Programme Code (the “Code”) seeks to ensure that nothing is included in the programmes of any free-to-air television service which is against public interest or order, national harmony, or which offends good taste or decency.
3. The Code outlines the general standards to be observed for free-to-air television broadcasting in the Republic of Singapore. It takes into consideration the greater influence of local productions, as viewers can more easily identify with the lifestyles and values portrayed in them. Broadcasters must therefore be especially mindful of the overall context and themes of local programmes, apart from specific scenes or sequences. The implications, influences, lasting impressions and cumulative impact of such programmes must also be considered.
4. It is the responsibility of broadcasters to ensure that their programmes and services (whether analogue or digital) comply fully with the Code. The provisions set out in this Code have to be applied in spirit and should be read in conjunction with applicable legislation and licence conditions. Under the Broadcasting Act (Cap 28), MDA has the power to impose sanctions, including fines, on broadcasters who contravene the Code.
5. To aid parental guidance and allow for greater viewing choice, all content must be rated according to the Film Classification Guidelines (appended in Annex A) consisting of the following ratings:
• G – General
• PG – Parental Guidance
• PG13 – Parental Guidance for Children below 13
• NC16 – No Children below 16 years of age
• M18 – Mature 18, for persons 18 years and above
• R21 – Restricted to persons 21 years and above
Video Games Video Games Classification Guidelines
1 Video Games Classification is introduced to protect the young while allowing
wider choice for adults. The system also aims to reflect community standards while
ensuring that due consideration is given to a video game’s educational and artistic merit.
2 In assigning a rating, the system takes into consideration various concerns,
including theme, violence, nudity, sex, language, and drug use.
3 The classification system includes the highest rating of “M18” (Mature 18) which
will indicate that the title is for persons 18 years and above. This rating is enforceable by
law. Video game retailers should ensure that the age restriction is enforced at the point
4 For game titles with some contentious elements, the Board may require that an
Age Advisory label carrying the words “Suitable for 16 & above” be affixed.
5 A video game, in the most extreme cases, may be disallowed for all ratings (NAR)
when the game contains content that exceeds acceptable social standards and could be
potentially harmful to society.
6 Games need not carry any classification rating if, upon declaration to the Board,
they are not issued a M18 rating, Age Advisory, or disallowed for distribution.
If you violate the codes it can be very damaging. You can lose your employment even if it is a first time thing. Theft and violence are the two things that will definitely get you unemployed, if it is serious enough the police may also become involved. It’s not just breaking the code inside of work that matters either, some places have violations for outside work. If you break the law it has to be reported, this can also result in you losing your job. It can be easy to break one by accident which is why something you can just get a warning. If this happens you may get multiple warnings before they kick you out.
Copyright law is something that gives you the right to say how your creation, whatever it may be can be used. It is an automatic right, it happens when someone or people create their work, it has to be original and have either show labour skill or judgement. The idea of something isn’t protected by copyright, it is your context that is. The idea of this is that while you and someone else can share the same idea it must not be executed the same otherwise someone is in trouble. Names, titles, phrases and colours don’t count, however something like a logo that has elements of these in may be classed as one. The idea isn’t protected however what is produced is. The copyright owner is the person who created the item however if you are part of a company then that ownership goes to them. If you’re a freelancer or have commissioned work then it belongs to you, unless the contrary your in has some form of agreement. The copyright can be sold by the owner to somebody else but the rights from previous work from them cannot. If the owner had samples from previous work they would still belong to the original owner. It you die then it still belongs to you for 70 years from the end of the calendar, if you’re unknown the it will be 70 years after the end calendar from which the work was created. Depending on your work however the years can change, an example being if it was a sound recording or broadcast it would be within 50 years.
Types of work protected
Literary – song lyrics, manuscripts, manuals, computer programs, commercial documents, leaflets, newsletters & articles etc.
Dramatic – plays, dance, etc.
Musical – recordings and score.
Artistic – photography, painting, sculptures, architecture, technical drawings/diagrams, maps, logos.
Typographical- arrangement of published editionsmagazines, periodicals, etc.
Sound -recording may be recordings of other copyright works, e.g. musical and literary.
Film – video footage, films, broadcasts and cable programmes.
The Copyright (Computer Programs) Regulations 1992 extended the rules covering literary works to include computer programs.
It is an offence to perform any of the following acts without the consent of the owner:
Copy the work.
Rent, lend or issue copies of the work to the public.
Perform, broadcast or show the work in public.
Adapt the work.
The author of a work, or a director of a film may also have certain moral rights:
The right to be identified as the author.
Right to object to derogatory treatment.
Acts that are allowed
Fair dealing is a term used to describe acts which are permitted to a certain degree without infringing the work, these acts are:
• Private and research study purposes.
• Performance, copies or lending for educational purposes.
• Criticism and news reporting.
• Incidental inclusion.
• Copies and lending by librarians.
• Format shifting or back up of a work you own for personal use.
• Caricature, parody or pastiche.
• Acts for the purposes of royal commissions, statutory enquiries, judicial proceedings and parliamentary purposes.
• Recording of broadcasts for the purposes of listening to or viewing at a more convenient time, this is known as time shifting.
• Producing a back up copy for personal use of a computer program.
• Playing sound recording for a non profit making organisation, club or society.
(Profit making organisations and individuals should obtain a license from PRS for Music.)